The United Nations Security Council was established by the 1945 UN Charter, with the purpose of protecting international peace and security. It consists of 15 Member, five of which are permanent and have a right of veto over every draft resolution; the other ten are elected for a two-year term. Over the last 70 years, the Security Council has dealt, with a varying degree of efficiency, with the most pressing threats to international peace. Its varied membership – all regions of the world are represented – along with its small size and the overwhelming power of the Permanent Members make it a very complex committee, with very particular dynamics. An extensive chairing experience is required for this committee, and a deep understanding of international politics and security issues is highly recommended.