By Michael Keith
The Crisis Committee moves quickly, it would seem. This year’s topic is the Mexico-America War of 1846, with four days ahead of us to play out the scenario. Of course, we all know how it ended IRL. Spoiler alert, America won.
But today, the first day of the conference, we seem to be slightly ahead of schedule. Due to military advancements from the United States, such that the Mexican armed forces could not handle, peace talks between the two nations were held. A demand from the Mexican government was that all US armed forces be removed from disputed territories immediately was immediately rebuked by the United States, who came to the negotiating table with a much stronger hand.
The American delegation demanded in turn that borders be set to include the entire northwestern region of Mexico, thereby effectively claiming ⅗ of current Mexican territory. This was rebuked in turn by the Mexican Minister for Foreign Affairs, who claimed that a) the Americans knew nothing about Mexicans themselves, who would not suffer being under the heel of the American boot, and b) that this would be wildly unfair on the state of Mexico due to a loss of the vast majority of their usable agricultural land, thus potentially leading to widespread famine and poverty. Combined with the Mexican mentality, the United States would then face much political instability on their Southern borders.
This was taken into consideration and finally, a settlement was agreed upon. New borders would be placed along the 25th parallel, known as the Monterrey line. In addition, the entire Baja peninsula would be ceded to the United States, to be given to the State of California. In this redrawing of borderlines, America gained a large amount of territory, fulfilling their dream of the manifest destiny. In turn, the Mexicans were able to keep a large portion of their usable agricultural land and so keep their ability to provide for the country intact. As a provision for the future, talks of long-term trade agreements have been floated and agreed that this scenario could be beneficial to both nations.
However, where does this lead us for the rest of EuroMUN and the Crisis Committee? Where to now? Stay tuned for more updates on what is going on in 19th century America!