International Atomic Energy Agency – BBC – Session 10 –5th of May 2019
India and Pakistan do not want to give up their nuclear arsenal
During the final committee session of the IAEA, there was some disagreement about the working paper. Some delegates worked on it after the committee sessions yesterday, and other countries were discontent, since not everyone’s voice could be heard. France tried to soothe the delegates by saying that only formatting was done yesterday. There was a lack of trust and agreement in the room.
Then, it became clear that the hostilities between India and Pakistan had not been lessened during the previous sessions. The United States wants that countries that did not sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty to not develop “chaotic nuclear action”. South Korea mentioned that sanctioning its neighbour North Korea had not worked in the past, perhaps sanctioning Pakistan and India now would not be helpful either. India only wanted to sign the working paper if Pakistan did so too. However, that seems unlikely, since Pakistan wishes to continue managing its nuclear power itself. Moreover, it seems that a bridge has been established between the powerful and less powerful countries, because India called out countries that did not speak very much so far to express their concerns about the working paper. However, the smaller countries were too afraid to speak up…
Summary of the 4th of May – International Atomic Energy Agency – BBC
Powerful countries prevail in the IAEA
In the morning discussions, it became clear that a couple of countries spoke much more than others: France, Pakistan, the United States, South Korea and Russia. Argentina was not aware of being on the general speakers list, and therefore gave its time away to the powerful South Korea. It missed an opportunity as a country with less power to raise its voice. When discussing the second topic, hostilities between rivals India and Pakistan appeared. India accused Pakistan of not using its nuclear power responsible, and Pakistan countered that it does not want to get into trouble with their neighbours, but will not stay passive and continue to have nuclear weapons out of self-defence. During the second half of the day, Portugal rightfully called out India for being hypocritical, because later on, India also advocated an international approach by working together with other countries. Finally a smaller country is speaking up against a powerful one! South Korea promotes international cooperation, but more consistently than India. Another topic that was discussed was the disposal of waste. Russia was so kind to offer other countries to give their waste to Russia, but the US had some concerns with this approach. Would terrorists be attracted to this waste for instance? Rather than continuing to address the topic and convince countries to give their waste to Russia, it found the topic well addressed and wish to quickly move on. Other countries however were not yet content…
International Atomic Energy Agency – BBC – Session 8 and 9 –4th of May 2019
India is being accused of hypocrisy
A topic discussed during the 8thsession of the IAEA was nuclear terrorism. India first advocated a national approach, because it is based on national sovereignty and therefore needs policies based on national level. However, Portugal rightfully called out India for being hypocritical, because later on, India also advocated an international approach by working together with other countries. Portugal therefore condemns Indian politics. Finally a smaller country is speaking up against a powerful one! On a more positive note, a working paper about nuclear safety was drafted. Speaking of national sovereignty, Russia also claimed sovereignty in its right to have nuclear powers, while other countries wanted to eradicate nuclear power. Another topic discussed was the waste disposal of nuclear energy. Russia proposed that countries can send their waste to Russia. United States however is afraid that this will lure terrorists to come to Russia and their nuclear waste. Russia defends itself by saying that every country’s sovereignty should be respected and pushed for another topic, since it considered this topic to be addressed sufficiently. But is it really addressed well enough?
International Atomic Energy Agency – BBC – Session 6 and 7 –4th of May 2019
In order to wake everybody up, a short game was played in the IAEA this morning. The delegates represented a celebrity and all on an aeroplane that will crash with only one parachute. Everybody has to convince the others in 60 seconds that your celebrity should have that parachute. Some of the celebrities were James Bond, Beyoncé, Mariah Carey, Freddy Mercury, Indiana Jones, SpongeBob and Kim Jong-un. Mickey Mouse even threatened to spoil the film ‘Endgame’, if he would not obtain the parachute. After a round of voting, it was Indiana Jones who won! During the discussions in the morning, it became clear that a few countries were speaking more than others: France, the United States, Pakistan, South Korea and Russia. The discussions are mainly between them. For example, Argentina was not aware of being on the general speakers list, and therefore gave its time awayto powerful South Korea. It missed an opportunity as a country with less power to raise its voice. During the 7thsessions, it became clear that the powerful countries pass the right to vote in the consultation of a whole from one powerful to another powerful country, and leaving out the less powerful countries who perhaps have wise comments to make. When discussing the second topic, the hostility between India and Pakistan re-appeared. India accused Pakistan of not using its nuclear power responsible, and Pakistan countered that it does not want to get into trouble with their neighbours, but will not stay passive and continue to have nuclear weapons out of self-defence. On a more positive note, the US has decided to learn from its mistakes of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, and declared to be ashamed of its past. Let’s see if they will continue to learn from the past in the discussions of the second topic.
International Atomic Energy Agency – BBC – Session 4 and 5 –3th of May 2019
The marriage of Tutin and Prump, a story by Portugal, Pakistan and Ecuador
Throughout the negotiations of the International Atomic Energy Agency, one might have noticed that personal pronouns were used regularly. However, this is not in line with EuroMUN regulations. Thus, a punishment was needed. A powerpoint presentation was made about Tutin and Prump, who had gotten into a romance and eventually got married, despite Prump cheating on Tutin with Kim Il Sung. For the wedding, Ecuador sang the Soviet anthem out of love for Tutin. On a more serious note, India and Canada were happy with the achievements of today and were a bit cheeky in proposing to leave earlier as a reward for this hard work. In the fifth committee session, the division became clearer again. Perhaps the delegates became tired and hungry, and therefore a bit grumpy and less willing to become cooperative. Russia for instance did not per se wanted to share their knowledge about nuclear power, since that would be a breach to their sovereignty. South Korea therefore surrendered to Russia and thus said that a country does not have to share the knowledge if they do not wish to do so. Some countries were happy with the draft resolution, others less. Let’s see what tomorrow will bring.
International Atomic Energy Agency – News agency – Session 3 –3th of May 2019
From a wide division to a broad consensus in the IAEA
The negotiation in the IAEA continues the same way it ended yesterday, with a big divide between the two camps of ‘pro-nuclear power’ and ‘anti-nuclear power’. No consensus is possible about the sustainability of nuclear energy. Some countries like France see advantages and disadvantages. Others, like the United States try to convince others of nuclear energy being sustainable. Moreover, there is a division between the developing and the developed countries. The developing countries are not able to give up on their nuclear power, as they do not have the monetary means for sustainable alternatives. During an unmoderated caucus, many agreed on the need for education for their population about the danger of nuclear energy, especially South Korea wants to change course. It proposed a working paper in order to raise awareness. During the third session however, compared to yesterday, more progress was possible. More and more countries are joining the working paper, and they need at least 20 percent of all the countries, and they already have more than that so far. A consensus seems to be reached, which seemed impossible yesterday. Calls for cooperation were abundant, amongst others by France, Morocco and India, which are countries that do not naturally work together due to different ideologies in the past. Most surprisingly, India wanted to learn from its past as a nuclear power, and educate developing countries about how to establish a safe world. Way to go! Ecuador very smartly mentioned that natural disasters are becoming worse because of climate change. If we can lower emission, we will have less natural disasters around nuclear power plants.
By Annemiek Dols
Two opposing sides meet in the International Atomic Energy Agency
In the discussion in the International Atomic Energy, the sustainability of nuclear energy was the most important topic. The United States (US) mentioned the survival of the fittest in the world of nuclear powers. They wish to “ensure a tomorrow”, and “learn from the past”. Perhaps they have learned from the bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, and tailoring their approach to the needs of human society. However, the US still wanted to continue the enrichment of uranium, despite their wish for environment safety, which is rather hypocritical. Obviously, many other countries objected to this. South Korea is calling for the US. South Korea wants to steer away from the status quo. The country wants a modification of behaviour, in order to comply with the Paris Agreement.
As a nuclear power, India does not want international intervention in their nuclear plants, surprise surprise… They have to keep into account the growth of their population, and nuclear energy is the only way to satisfy its needs for energy. For once, Pakistan agreed on something with India, and “supports nuclear energy to safe our planet”. France is in a similar position as India: also in need of energy due to growing demands, and called nuclear energy “safe and reliable”.
Other countries radically disagree. For instance, Germany has mentioned that it sees great danger in the use of nuclear power. Australia is also not sure about all this, and sees advantages and disadvantages to it. Portugal stated that it does not even need nuclear energy and is on its way to become sustainable. So, in the end, there was no consensus in sight.