A Model United Nations (MUN) conference is a simulation of various international legal, political, economic, and social bodies. During an MUN, students take on the role of judges, diplomats and ambassadors, representing different states or Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). MUNs allow young people to experience the complexities of international relations with a focus on current events, historic developments as well as pressing (simulated) crises. This involves extensive public speaking and debating skills, problem-solving mindsets and willingness to be a politically interested leader of tomorrow. One of the major skills that delegates (meaning all the students that participate) get to practice during the conference is the application of the law to real life; delegates are constantly compelled with the question of a certain measure being within the competence of their committee, or whether the resolution on the floor respects the procedural requirements that were outlined in previous agreements. The goal of an MUN is to allow participants to gain insights into politics and in the world of diplomacy in a setting that is both respectful and challenging. Furthermore, delegates engage in intercultural exchange by facilitating dialogue across different cultures and nationalities, developing their skills, not only professionally but also socially, and making connections that will outlive the conference.
In a nutshell, an MUN is a conference in which students typically role-play delegates to the United Nations (or other institutions) and simulate UN/EU committees. They are given a country’s view point, and need to defend it during debate.