By Marelle Ruijgrok
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the main committees within the UN. Its main concern is that of maintaining global peace and security. In this year’s edition of EuroMUN, the topics that will be covered by the UNSC concern the conflicts in Kashmir and Mali.
The Kashmir conflict can be dated back to 1947. This is when India became the ruling body within Kashmir and Jammu, they considered their accession as completely legal, however, Pakistan did not agree. Over the past 70 years, there have been many clashes between India and Pakistan regarding Kashmir. These clashes can be partly seen to originate from the fact that the majority of the population within the region is Muslim, while the ruling body is Hindu. To complicate matters further, China controls the Aksai Chin region, which is located in the north-east region of Kashmir.
Mali is a country which has been in conflict for a large number of years. This conflict has many different layers: the perpetuation of violence, lack of government stability and lack of resources all play a large role. But one aspect which, may be argued to be the most destructive force in the continuation of this conflict, is the issue of climate change. The environment in Mali has taken multiple hits from climate change. There is desertification happening, a lack of clean air and water, leading to even more scarce resources in the area. Therefore, there has been an economic backlash for the civilians living in the area which has forced people to leave their homes. All of this is happening in an already conflict-ridden country, with an unstable government which is not making matters easier to solve.
By taking on these topics the UNSC faces a challenge. The restoration of peace in Kashmir and Mali are very layered conflicts and will require intense and intelligent debate if a resolution is to be found.